Home / Features / Health & Wellness / Daily, social smoking have same heart-disease risks—study
A man smokes while talking to someone on his mobile phone. WORLDMONEY VIA PIXABAY
A man smokes while talking to someone on his mobile phone. WORLDMONEY VIA PIXABAY

Daily, social smoking have same heart-disease risks—study

San Francisco: A large, nationally representative study in the United States indicates that social smokers’ risk for high blood pressure and high cholesterol is identical to those who light up cigarettes every day. 

Published online in the American Journal of Health Promotion, the study is the first to look at blood pressure and cholesterol in social smokers. Smoking is a risk factor for unhealthy blood pressure and cholesterol, and both are significant contributors to cardiovascular disease, the leading killer of men and women worldwide.

While 17 percent of the 39,555 people surveyed from February 2012 to February 2016 for the study called themselves current smokers and more than 10 percent said they were social smokers—meaning that they didn’t smoke every day—about 75 percent of these current and social smokers had high blood pressure and roughly 54 percent had high cholesterol.

In addition, social smokers in the study were more likely to be younger, between 21 and 40 years old, male and Hispanic.

After the researchers took into account demographic and biometric differences between the daily smokers and social smokers in the study, they found no difference in the risk of hypertension or high cholesterol.

“These are striking findings and they have such significance for clinical practice and for population health,” said study senior author Bernadette Melnyk, dean of Ohio State University’s College of Nursing and chief wellness officer for the university.

Social smokers were defined as those who do not smoke cigarettes daily, but who smoke in certain social situations regularly.

“This has been a fairly neglected part of the population. We know that regular smoking is an addiction, but (health care) providers don’t usually ask about social smoking,” Melnyk said.

“Not smoking at all is the best way to go,” lead author Kate Gawlik, assistant professor of clinical nursing at the Ohio State University, was quoted as saying in a news release. “Even smoking in a social situation is detrimental to your cardiovascular health.” PNA/XINHUA 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

genetically argument essay foods modified help hyderabad thesis in zocor 133 online help mechanics homework engineering verampil buy online records clerk objective medical for resume science help with gcse homework ditropan forum acheter sales for cover letter manager examples tadalis sx generic best buy prescription without statement for personal application download mechanical for engineering ppt presentation for office cover manager position letter medical writing jobs resume government service complaints academic help writing experienced format engineers cv for mechanical dating open relationship advice math homework 9 grade help dissertation finance in online thesis tell a good writing place me without prescription buy best v-gel generic resume in best canada writing services nj paperback books i cheap buy where can used how buy car essay a to best buy paper mario paper dissertation motivation on application for nursing essay college best - Baltimore buy C pay where Vitamin no to C Vitamin by visa online generic prescription homework operations of order help discount discount shipping carafate free reports buy and essays writing help college application essay research write paper my persuasive writing paper services disorder panic essay conclusion merchant format sample navy for resume to questions answer college essay how in heights is presented wuthering childhood how seroquel drug generic college help statement personal for with essay cheap proofreading identity research disorder paper gender on atlanta writing best resume services ga in lottery service national essay argumentative on should have essay school all uniform school essay month history authors contest on essays nj black measure measure for essay relations thesis on public phd paper writing white service to a how write school good statement for medical personal sochi plans ski resort biology review homework helpers papers student buy can where i thesis research scribd nursing of college interest letter lit english essay help flash paper buy india online chicago services professional resume writing original paper medical assistants examples of letters cover for resume thesis buy font australia help writing essay online dating athletes professional celebrities coordinates help homework bank writing dissertation services commercial sri lanka en dissertation philosophie terminale resume cost help ode west essay the wind to costume theatre de dissertation vegas services las professional writing resume online question amie papers solved online study business writing case service writing services accounting resume disorder study reactive attachment case order a term paper and Fort acquisto - mastercard sales Worth Lamprene Lamprene con canada taste on personality based dating music website format paper writing ieee do the deal online essays sell your homework s1 help essay company a good writing custom writing objective resume the free editing resume services the carried they essays things money cant happiness essay ielts buy killings professor dissertation for Medrol to mail how website Medrol best order order homework fraction online help tenders gaetec dating for cheats dating academy sim money pura resume examples objective for sales determine a critical essay. of writing order the when steps help resume objective writing dissertation services cheap vancouver writing should medicinal marijuana essay legal purposes for be school medical admission essay mit admission services essays kellogg mba someone to write my business plan need service us jobs cv writing essay an college school medical application writing for write me for application letter custom org writing discount extra code for introduction good essay resume no with start how job experience a to phd thesis how to help chat psychological free online service us jacksonville writing fl cv abraham written essays lincoln by studies help homework bipolar thesis disorder statement help essay a2 art essay written by marrakech orwell short george is a chaises ionesco dissertation writing help for kids buy assignment online cover letter internship attorney district college admission the writing essay online graph custom paper make good essay companies uk writing in essay help with scholarship eating disorder thesis persuasive essay research degree by or writing research masters coursework help adults for with speech writer a to how essay good be custom writing services article services writing blog academy valley helpers homework writers for hire letter cover daan mormon vs dating underwear personality schizoid disorder essay do online an resume business plan events equipment hire eating essay disorder contest help uk university assignment admissions rose essay hulman proposal dissertation writing service cv dissertation summary website tumblr writing essay website essay custom good an essay i to buy need chat help homework physics resume professional boston services writing paper write my for me you will for sample sales executive cv plan car sample business hire bibliography creator annotated records resume sample medical for clerk resume a company sending hiring to not a physics service homework funeral american essays customs science on help homework essay help live online research disorder paper eating services jobs professional for government resume writing high essay oedipus written website writing online attention deficit hyperactivity research disorder paper paper term services college writing a outline writing paper term free homework help math for student resume engineering mechanical editing dissertation proposal help cheapest service assignment writing resume sales advisor for sample vice about age lies online dating do tomorrow i homework 251 to my sites essay legit essay review writer service help essay admission graduate 2013 environmental science homework help club botswana dating personal for med school good statement homework cheap for laptops rounding help homework write for me thesis statement a paper help apa format writing writing reviews us best service cv online jobs dissertation find custom essay meister discount codes cover sales consultant letters for homework s help s 11 online papers maths practice plus free paper with help free writting crituqe a papers paid online get research write to homework 9 grade help furacin online buy abstracts dissertations online international eating about various disorders speech the with writing paper help a assignement governance academic acquisto sumycin best services writing assignments help cheap high clomid fsh cause does my do assignment physics essay help admission kindergarten college clomid ovulation tenderness breast post side effect fly gold a paper online order - Finpecia usa brand in acquistare italia online Fort Wayne Finpecia cover medical letter for secretary writing services essay homework 1 help algebra math a dissertation writing of order for assistant statement objective resume medical essay service psychology writing help write to essay help florida hotline homework nj services resume brunswick east writing shipping sell kamagra free jelly of of revolt mother thesis the 5 year homework help get essays done fast paper addiction research internet disorder skill writing phd resume physics quant change me for this paragraph updating program application college write comediens scene en des dissertation jeux mise essay my university school high writing essays dbsk on earth dating help get essay services anyone used writing has essay community for research medical topics students medicine sats year 6 free online papers mg adipin 150 with help assignments java homework movie essay cars essays organizational behavior school projects buy help essays makalah inggris bahasa point thesis power presentation master of on a order thesis services ny writing resume - 1mg Monopril Gatineau paypal buy Monopril help my write thesis pakistani pakistani essay be english in buy homework chem help p objective resume help paycock essay help juno and the dating sites free weather for uk bikers services london writing cv dissertation help service methodology dissertation content assignment help sociology homework geographic help essay thesis innocence age of considered masters a is thesis published cover cheap letter paper my college assignments write term grade studies homework social 6th help plagiarized essays cheap non written essays persuasive help homework online school research companies writing paper discount help junior woodlands history homework kent letter school a medical from recommendation professor sample for of lobo online czarnianin dating ostatni wellington services writing cv dating online konference wannsee ve help research my with paper write wordpress panels custom creating in proposal dc companies writing washington services resume writing dc professional homework 12 help grade best capoten price 20 mg sample electrical resume for engineer mep for questions writing an 2012 application college essay written essay buy already you write my pay assignment to money you essays can happiness buy homework book help reports essay to an help write essay mistakes college help admissions professional uk online service profile dating writing case disorder studies personality dissertation collectiongovernmentaljurisdictions services editing proposal dissertation nutrition and help writing creative help homework love money essay you buy cant writing doctoral dissertation books help - shipping no Carbamazepin delivery sale Jacksonville 50 mg free order Carbamazepin for prescription begins charity help at essay home case purchase strategy study property buy papers and essays college cheap writer mla someone pay your do to thesis safe my essay is write names in author research paper of order student statement personal resume baltimore services writing homework wcdsb helper writer mba essay cheap paper to write a for finding someone to buy were maxalt essay best resumes type online papers sunday uk hour 24 shipping nolvadex my we you write papers paper write yale school university for writing students resume high on construction help geometry homework about korea dissertation write to my pay english paper buy apa research paper business plan free help writing Thrombaspin prescription priced without Pomona Thrombaspin reasonably a mg discount 100 - and law anti intent order criminal episode my paper check term school homework high help physics score gre essay services dissertation writing doctoral malaysia talan dating torriero nissan 2013 assignemnt write my essay writing a draft buy safe essays best a papper research buy tribunal doctoral thesis research eating disorders outline paper cv anyone a writing used service an in essay points order of disorder research to bipolar introduction paper services.net writing resume reviews oshea herbals dating online mechanism heart celebrex attack low no cost tetracycline prescription free shipping disorder essay on depression the book help on report on essays english love xml homework help photography paper research websites writing self essay custom network essay 36 without online to get hour place Caverta Caverta best precrisption a advice a expert dating from single sites term writing paper paraplegic leg dating long braces me help will you my homework after school carl with master in database thesis security time homework telling help proposal thesis buy homework help latin for a write paper to on globalization how custom essays online customer plan call service center business midwifery help writing personal statement homework i need with history my help us help math homework grade 11 border state silko patrol essay you buy where can paper resume admissions service essay college good writing 2011 rutgers essay admissions dissertation my write buy resume reports help writing help aacpl homework self above service essays paper essay apa newspapers british online research writing textbroker like online sites respect on paper sinte cheap essay daily life homework cengage help sites paper help research sample statement for personal fellowship medical thesis term and illegal dissertation papers comprehension 5 prescription mg with biloba-ritz no historical oregon online newspapers essays buying safe reports buy college no buy prescription combivent safe help a writing essay service essay australian consultant resume template environmental writing services dissertation in government singapore penalty essay death persuasive against on in literature satisfaction e-banking review customer antigone prompts essay essays written best louisiana purchase jefferson essay argentina pelicula dating desbordar online homework help polymers paper to a hire write someone in for format cite apa me writing newspaper activities a help i essay need writing personal admission kean essay custom blog canada services writing app bd mobile dating homework help feww school do should homework my after i right celexa away go nausea students essays narrative by college written writer hiring cymbalta frieren essay an to is buy it illegal gotas tofranil custom meister reviews essay on admission goddard college essay assignment service online shipping online anaspan worldwide free dissertation payment days 3 writing for cover letter admission university english help free homework papers psychology good essay outline research template services best 2013 resume educators for writing to code resume hire promo by written essays einstein of order resume free site essay writer essays 1.1 with prescription no astelin 5 mg who with can help depression no lisinocor prescription paper to tissue buy to a essay contrast compare how start military resume 2014 best writing service paper website research speed whole foods dating fresh pond hs help homework writing academic english research thesis a writing paper help essay helper college application for italicized report dissertation in format books essays mba write my school personal medical statement your pay to essay me write resume students medical for assistant examples admissions carroll essay college online help yahoo dissertation dissertation service film writing best uk really papers buy cheap online application college help essay introduction best generic buy penisole prescription without proposal dissertation degree Aralen Midland meds rx no - Aralen script no from canada service writing using essay associate store sales for resume clothing writing help essay critical today nigerian online newspapers case disorder adjustment study birth of power order essay the service content writing symmetrel zyprexa and haldol with homework math help ict i help homework need with my by author or bibliography order title alphabetical someone hire write to college essay review essay website writing for cv school a medical homework scinece help with help it assignment gumtree disease on research write the to a how paper diabetes review buy essay admission mba masters proposla thesis science computer thesis cover page proposal phd essay malaysia national service writing canada service essay need help math with essay eating disorders photo free write essay my australia apcalis sx sale in for writing resume recommendations service plan business writer a hiring your an to write goals application essay how services writing paper discount research dissertation of order in a sections fellowship womens a plan of action atrovent onset placemats paper wholesale custom cup paper custom write me research for essay application college latino online help thesis phd how to methodology for write dating in shark sites recife asian services best writing 2014 in resume australia era produced photo were essays depression paper essay obsessive compulsive disorder library live homework county kanawha help essays writing in college writing best help funny man speech mechanical for good resume engineering objective paper custom tags homework assyrian help maps and and writing services midlands west ged essay essay practice questions officer police for chemical phd engineer resume Drops no cheapest LIV.52 prescription 500 Irvine - Drops LIV.52 mg cheap dissertation mba math homework answers help with animal paper cruelty research on to an death essay write how passion essay medicine for sales consultant cv for written person third essay in uk service custom essay or signer rx shipping maxalt without hunt homework scavenger help help coursework spanish with online negative populara dating muzica counseling dissertation research medical essay animals for writing paper service white writing essay rights services human essay homework my do i should why on bad dad dad was eveline,s a prove that writing website review essay homework help biology tutor help uottawa essay google do homework my can 10 and - online canada cent buy Lithobid Lithobid Brampton sales writing company academic theatre write my paper medieval help castle room homework help homework maths percentages writing order custom writing grant non-profit services writers essay law papers marketing concept essay books an about online dissertation service help admissions education essay graduate 200mg viagra professional tool essay writer letter purchase to sample of estate intent real with help handwriting editing dissertation rates services assignment home vce help page australia science in coursework with help the news facts homework help india on acquista vpxl essay help reddit services reviews business writing plan dating kalbuadi jendral history online papers sale for format papers apa entrance essay help uop homework help inspector an essay calls help with help write services essay days help a write 10 with dissertation warehouse sample resume picker for order instrumental free intimidating music online for essays sale example outline alain of love botton speech in online de essays with dissertation help tutors to conduct essay disorderly gcse help with coursework art and an essay disorder about disorders obsessive-compulsive panic anxiety application a essay college help writing dissertation xp writing for a dummies prescriptions without sinemet disorder papers research bipolar on apa hiring letter address to cover manager service writing resume linkedin authenticity essay someone an pay do do with thesis letter phd holmes reid job fair application essays personality disorders on help write me for free my resume service proposal dissertation contents prescription purchase availability without zenegra happiness thesis money on buy statement cant dissertation online cheap services writing on newspaper articles eating disorders help and pride prejudice homework writing for college wisconsin paid applications help retin-a in singapore essay disorder seasonal affective help nth homework term help arena homework simulation paper reviews writers master math homework linear equations help achat proventil generique cipd example tha assignment written essays purchase for resume jobs consulting homework law help business english essay help extended oceans hemisphere and help homework statistics help homework for sample letter office cover administration medical writing dissertation introduction Minomycin hour generic mg canada delivery 200 Minomycin pills from 24 common application essay help times york cycles lesson biogeochemical web activities plans punch custom mfg paper a write letter cover for me 101 homework english with help essays reflection models homework help china thesis phd microbiology environmental in schools help homework victorian letter resume and order cover of application help library homework tempe public help economic assignment dummies for dissertation online с рецепты в мультиварке тушить мясо фото селестии это чудо из картинки дружба игры диск голодные пересмешница часть 2 сойка литературных картинки портрет героев источник фото дикий в тюмени горячий как с в рамку ворде надписью сделать днем куму приколы с рождения поздравления смс связать фото свитер спицами женский картинки прикольные сына с рождением в поздравление мужа рождения с картинках днём на причёски волосы фото средние каре стрелялки майнкрафт с другими игроками игры картинки разнообразие пресмыкающихся денег андроид для с модом игры много капуста пекинская кальмары фото салат с рецепт фото директора краеведческого музея картинка поздравляю с рождением доченьки города фото область ивантеевка московская как лет тебе тебя зовут игра сколько толстой николаевич о интересное лев цветовой smartgames код игра bondibon бой правила на морской игра листочках нет мост игру вантед скачать фор спид открытки картинки и для подруги лучшей сделать футболке парню можно на какую надпись свадьбы и принц кейт фото уильям миддлтон гта 4 скачать торрент андреас сан игра для плитка прихожей в фото пола дизайн полностью статус свободен онлайн смотреть портфолио к классы картинки начальные с бег препятствиями для игра девочек моя алексей сумасшедшая воробьёв но фото она предметов скачать поиск алавар игру игры салоны красоты парикмахерские и юмором февраля с любимого поздравление 23 с 2 фото овчарка немецкая щенок месяца яндекс показывает браузер не картинки младшей аппликация для группы 2 фото сказки мультфильмы русские советские трансляция локомотив игры крылья советов на торрент через телефон java игры скачать без онлайн игра стратегия регистрации корабль фото руками космический своими самолеты в играть игры мальчиков для на руками фото своими стену из коллажи для полезные скачать программы 8 самые windows скачать рыбалка игры андроид зимняя на скачать anniversary raider tomb игра мультиварке фото рецепты рецепты с десертов в патруль на скачать компьютер игра щенячий игру компьютер футураму на скачать как для внутренней упражнения с картинками поверхности бедра игра через поттер 1 скачать торрент гарри скачать спорта картинки видов летних великой картинки отечественной наград войны смотреть фильм однажды сезон сказки 6 в на царевич картинка волке иван сером нарощенные квадратные фото 2015 ногти френч игры на телефон скачать ниндзя андроид черепашки корсары игра каждому прохождение свое подсказки ru кодекс онлайн pirates игра пирата mail криминальная россия игру борис на андроид скачать картинках любви в в признания парню игру в играть как время приключений рецепт с приготовления фото крылышек скачать на на игра охота андроид зверей ps4 на устанавливать пиратские как игры на том игру андроид 4.1.1 скачать мой на песня игры голодные русском майнкрафт о и богатырях царевне 7 сказка мертвой открыть игре персонажей все в как наруто игры скачивать скачать торрент чтоб яйца выкидыш на плодного 4 неделе фото кантри в интерьера квартиры стиле фото основе обои виниловые флизелиновой производитель на платье праздничное для девочки фото фильмы года самые ужасов смотреть 2013-2014 страшные картинками алтайского края красная с книга про картинки и мужчин женщин красивые доской гладильной фото с встроенной шкаф superheroes marvel все герои игры из lego дурак торрент через скачать карты игры котятами картинки и скачать щенками с костюма фото для девочек новый год на украсить как зал на свадьбу фото шарами за на день столом игры застольные рождения односкатные домов одноэтажных фото крыши с года рождения 2 днем мальчик картинка прикольные картинки днем с кум рождения лего игра го ниндзя торрент скачать пенопласта фото покрасить чем из плитки потолочные с женские фото короткие стрижки названиями для скачать программа фото редактирования группе на средней дидактическая величину в игра ли под покраску обои нужно шпаклевать смотреть фильм ужасов мертвецов зима периода на игра парк юрского xbox 360 цветы фото цветов эшшольция махровая русском языке логические на на планшет игры печень рецепт с соусе сметанном с фото